WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING IN HILL AREAS AS A PREVENTIVE MEASURE OF GLOBAL WARMING
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is used in various applications such as area monitoring, healthcare monitoring, industrial and environmental monitoring and so on. Spatially dispersing various sensors and creating a network for knowing the physical conditions of the environment is known as WSN. In this paper, WSN is created for monitoring the environment in hill areas for detecting the various abnormalities such as forest fire, deforestation and landslides. Long Range (LoRa) low power wireless technology and sensors for monitoring forest fire, deforestation and landslides are used in WSN. The data collected in the central point is processed for further evaluation and alerts the authorities through SMS and internet. Global System for Mobile (GSM) Communication modem with Global Packet Radio System (GPRS) enabled SIM card is used for enabling internet service for the central data collecting unit. The system is powered from battery which is recharged by electrical energy converted from solar energy using solar panel.
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